No. 21-31059S, Standard project of the Czech Science Foundation (GAČR), 2021–2024, The bounds of religious cognition: Study of cognitive and cultural factors in Czech and Polish societies
Konrad Talmont-Kaminski, Tomáš Hříbek, Silvia Boschetti, Robin Kopecký, Lenka Příplatová
The state of religiosity and supernatural beliefs of European population rapidly changes, although not in agreement with previous estimates of development toward secularization. To better understand the change, we need not only to map its direction including all detours toward superstitions and alternative facts, but also to uncover underlying mechanisms of supernatural beliefs. Based on research directions and methods previously used by the principal investigator and the team as well as by other cognitive scientists, here we propose a detailed comparative study of supernatural beliefs, cognitive skills, and demographics of mostly non-religious Czech and mostly religious Polish population samples (over 10,000 respondents in each country) of internet users and university students (over 300 subjects participating in experimental sessions in each country). We will use both internet surveys and behavioural laboratory testing methods to uncover evolutionary causes of religiosity and patterns in individual belief systems, and to categorize the supernatural claims in an explanatory fashion.
No. 20-14445S, Standard project of the Czech Science Foundation (GAČR), 2020–2022, Duální modely fenomenálního vědomí/Dual models of phenomenal consciousness
Tomáš Marvan, Michal Polák, Juraj Hvorecký, Brice Bantegnie.
Dual theory of consciousness is the thesis that so-called phenomenal properties can occur already at the unconscious level. The primary aim of our research project is to explore the dual hypothesis of consciousness in its four main varieties (i.e, pure, weaker, richer and componential) and make it more strongly present in the field of international consciousness studies so that its strengths and weaknesses can be extensively debated. This will involve clarifying the very notion of phenomenality and specifying the role it plays in our conscious and unconscious mental lives. Another goal of the project is to defend the notion of unconscious percpetion against some recent criticisms. The results of the project will be of interest not only to empirically informed philosophers of mind, but also to empirical researchers of consciousness such as cognitive neuroscientists or experimental psychologists. Ultimately, our results could contribute to the ongoing attempts to formulate a general, empirically grounded theory of phenomenal consciousness.
No. TL 01000430, Project of the Technology Agency of the Czech Republic, Project title: Measures for developing an ethical culture in the Czech state administration; Application guarantor: Ministry of Transportation of the Czech Republic; Duration: 06/2018–10/2021
Juraj Hvorecky, Alice Koubova, Petr Urban
Aim of the project is to come forward with a set of tools and mechanisms for effective introduction and development of an ethical culture within the Czech state administration, based on extensive pilot testing in the environs of the application guarantor. The main outcome consists of a comprehensive research report, which details the tools and offers suggestions on their implementations within central authorities of the Czech state administration. At least three workshops and two conferences, which allow for empirical testing of assumptions and information exchange between investigators, administration representatives and informed public, including foreign experts, will constitute milestones toward the outcome. Conclusions of the project will be published in peer-reviewed journals.